Beyond Standard Model


Introduction to Beyond Standard Model (BSM):

The Beyond Standard Model (BSM) represents an exciting frontier in particle physics, where researchers explore physics that extends beyond the framework of the Standard Model. While the Standard Model successfully describes the known particles and their interactions, it leaves several fundamental questions unanswered, including the nature of dark matter, the unification of fundamental forces, and the origin of neutrino masses. BSM theories and experiments aim to address these mysteries by proposing new particles, symmetries, and interactions.

Supersymmetry (SUSY):

Investigate supersymmetry, a BSM theory that posits a symmetry between fermions and bosons, potentially explaining dark matter, unification of forces, and resolving the hierarchy problem.

Extra Dimensions and String Theory:

Explore theories that propose the existence of extra spatial dimensions beyond the familiar three, including concepts from string theory and Kaluza-Klein theories, offering insights into gravity and the unification of forces.

Grand Unified Theories (GUTs):

Delve into grand unified theories that seek to unify the electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces into a single force, offering a deeper understanding of the fundamental interactions in the universe.

Neutrino Mass Mechanisms:

Focus on mechanisms that explain neutrino mass generation, such as the seesaw mechanism and neutrino oscillations, and their implications for the BSM and neutrino physics.

Composite Models and Technicolor:

Examine composite models and technicolor theories that propose new dynamics, involving composite particles or strong interactions, as alternatives to the Higgs mechanism for mass generation.




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