Introduction to Particle Physics and Cosmology:
Particle physics and cosmology are two closely intertwined fields of scientific inquiry that seek to unravel the mysteries of the universe at both the smallest and largest scales. Particle physics explores the fundamental building blocks of matter and the forces that govern their interactions, while cosmology delves into the vast cosmos, its origin, evolution, and the nature of dark matter and dark energy. Together, these disciplines provide a comprehensive framework for understanding the universe, from its subatomic particles to its cosmic structures.
Dark Matter and Dark Energy:
Investigate the enigmatic components of the universe—dark matter, which influences cosmic structure formation, and dark energy, responsible for the universe's accelerated expansion—and their interactions with known particles.
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis:
Examine the processes of nucleosynthesis in the early universe and how the abundance of light elements like hydrogen and helium provides essential insights into the cosmos's early moments.
Particle Physics at High Energies:
Explore the role of particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in probing the high-energy regimes that existed shortly after the Big Bang, shedding light on the fundamental forces and particles.
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB):
Study the cosmic microwave background radiation, a remnant of the Big Bang, and how its observations offer critical clues about the universe's age, composition, and early conditions.
Focus on the role of neutrinos in cosmology, their properties, and their implications for the evolution of the universe, including neutrino oscillations and their effects on cosmic structure.